The Caspian seal and 33 other rare and endangered will be protected under the Bonn Convention!

On the 28th of October this year, the 12th Conference of the Parties (CMS COP12) was ended in Manila, the capital of the Philippines, where 34 submissions made by 24 countries about listening rare and endangered species on Appendixes I and II to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (the Bonn Convention) were considered. The Caspian seal (Pusa caspica) presented at CMS COP12 by the Department of Environment of the Islamic Republic of Iran Government was listed on both appendixes. That means: the CMS countries will take maximum efforts to preserve and restore its population, protect its habitat, will mitigate obstacles to migration and control any factors that might endanger this species, as well as will ban hunting on it (with the exception of catching for research, reproduction and survival purposes, and etc.).

CMS COP 12 Resolution regarding other proposals: 
the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) – Inclusion in Appendix I & II; 4 species of Lasiurus bats : the Southern Red Bat (Lasiurus blossevillii), the Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis), the Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus ), the Southern Yellow Bat (Lasiurus ega ) – Inclusion in Appendix II; the Lion (Panthera leo) – Appendix II; the Leopard (Panthera pardus) – Appendix II; Mongolian and Chinese populations of the Gobi Bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus) – Appendix I; the African Wild Ass (Equus africanus) – Appendix I & II; Przewalski’s Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) – Appendix I; the Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii) – Appendix II; the Giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis) – Appendix II; the Christmas Frigatebird (Fregata andrewsi) – Appendix I; the Black Noddy (Anous minutus worcesteri) – Appendix II; the Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) – Appendix I; the White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) – Appendix I; the Indian Vulture (Gyps indicus) – Appendix I; the Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) – Appendix I; the Red-headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) – Appendix I; the White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus) – Appendix I; the Cape Vulture (Gyps coprotheres) – Appendix I; Rüppell’s Vulture (Gyps rueppelli) – Appendix I; the Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus) – Appendix I; the White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis) – Appendix I; the Lappet-faced Vulture (Torgos tracheliotos) – Appendix I; the Yellow Bunting (Emberiza sulphurata) – Appendix II; the Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor excubitor) – Appendix II; the European population of the Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor) – Appendix II; the Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus) – Appendix I; the Dusky Shark (Carcharhinus obscurus) – Appendix II; the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) – Appendix II; the Angelshark (Squatina squatina) – Appendix I & II; the Common Guitarfish (Rhinobatos rhinobatos) – Appendix I & II (Appendix I: Mediterranean Sea population; Appendix II: global population); the White-spotted Wedgefish (Rhynchobatus australiae) – Appendix II.

Changes to the CMS Appendices, Resolutions and Decisions enter into force 90 days after the COP (in January 2018). CMS COP 13 will be held in India in 2020.



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